Discussions around electrical and energy matrices across the planet have been constantly growing, and along with these discussions, the diversification of the Brazilian energy matrix has also grown. In this sense, this article aims to show the models of energy production in Brazil, highlighting the main sources used in the electrical matrix in recent years, as well as the formation of the energy matrix in Brazil among the most diverse sources that compose it. This work has three sessions, the first relating to the introduction of the theme; the next section deals with the methodology of the work, and the last block deals with the characterization of the energy matrix and how they present themselves. Within this discussion, this work also brings the characteristics that define the need for diversification of the national matrix. The article brings interesting results in relation to the national matrix, such as how renewable is the electricity matrix in Brazil, how much it can expand in the most diverse sectors of energy production, and the contrast between the matrix of Brazil and the world.
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